SAExploration
SAExploration Holdings, Inc. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/11/2015 17:45:11)


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015

[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ______________ to _______________


Commission File Number 001-35471

  SAEXPLORATION HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
27-4867100
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

  1160 Dairy Ashford, Suite 160, Houston, Texas, 77079
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(281) 258-4400
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x      No  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x       No  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  o
Accelerated filer  o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  o       No  x
  
Number of shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, outstanding as of May 4, 2015 : 14,922,497
 






 
SAEXPLORATION HOLDINGS, INC.
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
March 31, 2015
 

 
Page

 


i



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Financial Statements 
SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and par value amounts)
 
March 31,
2015

December 31,
2014
 
(Unaudited)

 
ASSETS
 


 

Current assets:
 


 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
10,929


$
12,322

Restricted cash
718


723

Accounts receivable, net
64,004


73,584

Deferred costs on contracts
3,070


4,631

Prepaid expenses
8,536


17,037

Deferred income tax assets
491


520

Total current assets
87,748


108,817

Property and equipment, net
73,751


77,096

Intangible assets, net
941


1,050

Goodwill
1,819


1,977

Deferred loan issuance costs, net
6,421


6,826

Deferred income tax assets
7,949


8,027

Total assets
$
178,629

 
$
203,793

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT
 


 

Current liabilities:
 


 

Accounts payable
$
27,564


$
34,255

Accrued liabilities
12,678


19,554

Income and other taxes payable
6,917


20,261

Equipment note payable
1,266


1,654

Current portion of capital leases
395


460

Deferred revenue
1,810


187

Deferred income tax liabilities
587


587

Total current liabilities
51,217


76,958

Senior secured notes
150,000

 
150,000

Long-term portion of capital leases
148


185

Deferred income tax liabilities
5,663


5,731

Total liabilities
207,028


232,874

Commitments and contingencies



Stockholders’ deficit:
 


 

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding



Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 55,000,000 shares authorized, 14,922,497 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014
2


2

Additional paid-in capital
28,185


28,185

Accumulated deficit
(55,093
)

(56,264
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(4,267
)

(4,362
)
Total stockholders’ deficit attributable to the Corporation
(31,173
)

(32,439
)
Noncontrolling interest
2,774


3,358

Total stockholders’ deficit
(28,399
)
 
(29,081
)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit
$
178,629

 
$
203,793


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

1



SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)



Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2015

2014
Revenue from services
$
79,678


$
87,662

Cost of services excluding depreciation and amortization expense
54,271

 
64,428

Depreciation and amortization expense included in cost of services
4,400

 
3,526

Gross profit
21,007


19,708

Selling, general and administrative expenses
8,876

 
9,729

Income from operations
12,131


9,979

Other income (expense):
 


 

Change in fair value of note payable to related parties – Former SAE stockholders


(507
)
Interest expense, net
(4,333
)

(4,030
)
Foreign exchange loss, net
(2,441
)

(294
)
Other, net
(193
)

148

Total other expense
(6,967
)

(4,683
)
Income before income taxes
5,164


5,296

Provision for income taxes
1,219


3,812

Net income
3,945


1,484

Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
2,774


786

Net income attributable to the Corporation
$
1,171


$
698

 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to the Corporation per common share:
 

 
 

Basic
$
0.08

 
$
0.05

Diluted
$
0.08

 
$
0.05

 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares:
 
 
 
Basic
14,922,497

 
14,149,643

Diluted
14,922,497

 
14,870,549

 
 
 
 

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 


2



SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Net income
$
3,945

 
$
1,484

Foreign currency translation gain (loss)
95

 
(626
)
Total comprehensive income
4,040

 
858

Less: comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
2,774

 
786

Comprehensive income attributable to the Corporation
$
1,266

 
$
72


 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 


3



SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED
STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
(In thousands, except share amounts)
 
 

Common Shares Issued
and Outstanding
 
Common
Stock at
Par Value
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income (Loss) - Foreign Currency Translation
 
Total
Corporation
Stockholders’
Deficit
 
Non-controlling Interest
 
Total
Stockholders’
Deficit
Balance at December 31, 2014
14,922,497

 
$
2

 
$
28,185

 
$
(56,264
)
 
$
(4,362
)
 
$
(32,439
)
 
$
3,358

 
$
(29,081
)
Foreign currency translation

 

 

 

 
95

 
95

 

 
95

Distribution to noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 
(3,358
)
 
(3,358
)
Net income

 

 

 
1,171

 

 
1,171

 
2,774

 
3,945

Balance at March 31, 2015
14,922,497

 
$
2

 
$
28,185

 
$
(55,093
)
 
$
(4,267
)
 
$
(31,173
)
 
$
2,774

 
$
(28,399
)

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 


4



SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015

2014
Operating activities:
 


 

Net income attributable to the Corporation
$
1,171


$
698

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
2,774


786

Net income
3,945

 
1,484

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 


 

Depreciation and amortization
4,551


3,853

Amortization of loan costs and debt discounts
405


751

Payment in kind interest


507

Deferred income taxes
39


108

(Gain) loss on disposal/sale of property and equipment
(21
)

22

Change in the fair value of note payable to related parties – Former SAE stockholders


507

Unrealized loss on foreign currency transactions
2,230

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 


 

Accounts receivable
7,570


(33,163
)
Prepaid expenses
7,970

 
(3,610
)
Deferred costs on contracts
1,536

 
(7,437
)
Accounts payable
(3,492
)

18,895

Accrued liabilities
(6,396
)
 
7,477

Income and other taxes payable
(12,976
)
 
(1,069
)
Deferred revenue
1,623

 
10,240

Other, net
4


29

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
6,988

 
(1,406
)
Investing activities:
 


 

Purchase of property and equipment
(4,310
)

(2,125
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
21



Net cash used in investing activities
(4,289
)
 
(2,125
)
Financing activities:
 


 

Repayment of notes payable
(388
)
 
(200
)
Revolving credit facility borrowings
14,200

 

Revolving credit facility repayments
(14,200
)
 

Repayments of capital lease obligations
(102
)
 
(223
)
Distribution to noncontrolling interest
(3,358
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
(3,848
)
 
(423
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(244
)
 
6

Net change in cash and cash equivalents
(1,393
)
 
(3,948
)
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of period
12,322

 
17,351

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of period
$
10,929

 
$
13,403

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
8,199

 
$
2,265

Income taxes paid
$
728

 
$
270

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information -- non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Capital assets acquired under capital lease
$

 
$
40

Capital assets acquired included in accounts payable
$
50

 
$
15

Conversion of notes payable to related parties -- directors
$

 
$
500

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.  

5

SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except for share amounts and as otherwise noted)



NOTE 1 — DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Description of the Business
 
SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and its Subsidiaries (collectively, the “Corporation”) is an internationally-focused oilfield services company offering seismic data acquisition and logistical support services in Alaska, Canada, South America, and Southeast Asia to its customers in the oil and natural gas industry. In addition to the acquisition of 2D, 3D, time-lapse 4D and multi-component seismic data on land, in transition zones and offshore in depths to 5,000 feet, the Corporation offers a full-suite of logistical support and in-field processing services. The Corporation operates crews around the world that utilize over 29,500 owned land and marine channels of seismic data acquisition equipment and other equipment as needed to complete particular projects. Seismic data is used by its customers, including major integrated oil companies, national oil companies and large international independent oil and gas exploration and production companies, to identify and analyze drilling prospects and maximize successful drilling. The results of the seismic surveys the Corporation conducts belong to its customers and are proprietary in nature; the Corporation does not acquire data for its own account or for future sale or maintain multi-client data libraries.

Basis of Presentation
The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements of the Corporation as of March 31, 2015 and for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 included herein, have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from the audited financial statements as of December 31, 2014 . Although the financial statements and related information included herein have been prepared without audit, and certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted, the Corporation believes that the note disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Corporation’s audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Corporation's 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim financial statements included herein reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the Corporation’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year or any future period.
Certain amounts in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2014 and condensed consolidated statements of operations and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2014 presented herein have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on financial position, net income, stockholders' deficit, or cash flows.
Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no changes to the significant accounting policies of the Corporation from the information provided in Note 2 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in the Corporation’s 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
In May 2014 , the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued new guidance intended to change the criteria for recognition of revenue. The new guidance establishes a single revenue recognition model for all contracts with customers, eliminates industry specific requirements and expands disclosure requirements. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To achieve this core principal, an entity should apply the following five steps: (1) identify contracts with customers, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contracts, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligation in the contract, and (5) recognize revenue as the entity satisfies performance obligations. The new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early application is not permitted. The Corporation is currently evaluating what impact adoption of this guidance would have on its financial position, results of operations, cash flows and disclosures.


6

SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except for share amounts and as otherwise noted)


In April 2015, the FASB issued new guidance which requires debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the associated debt liability, consistent with the presentation of a debt discount. The new guidance does not affect the recognition and measurement of debt issuance costs. Therefore, the amortization of such costs will continue to be calculated using the interest method and be reported as interest expense. The new guidance is effective for financial statements issued in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and will be applied on a retrospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. Upon adoption of the new guidance, the Corporation will report its unamortized deferred loan issuance costs as a reduction of the associated debt liability rather than as assets, resulting in an equal reduction in the Corporation's total assets and total liabilities compared to the prior presentation. The amount of Corporation deferred loan issuance costs, net of amortization, was $ 6,421 and $ 6,826 at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 , respectively. The adoption of the new guidance will have no effect on the Corporation's stockholders' deficit, results of operations, or cash flows.
 
NOTE 2     — EARNINGS PER SHARE
 
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to the Corporation by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to the Corporation by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during each period and the assumed exercise of dilutive stock options and warrants less the number of treasury shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise proceeds using the average market price of the Corporation's common stock for each of the periods presented.

The computation of basic and diluted net income per share is as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Net Income Attributable to Corporation
 
Shares
 
Per Share
March 31, 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic income per share
$
1,171

 
14,922,497

 
$
0.08

Effect of dilutive securities

 

 

Diluted income per share
$
1,171

 
14,922,497

 
$
0.08

 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic income per share
$
698

 
14,149,643

 
$
0.05

Warrant exchange (Note 7)

 
720,906

 

Diluted income per share
$
698

 
14,870,549

 
$
0.05

 
Warrants to purchase 581,807 shares of common stock have been excluded from the calculation of diluted net income per share in the three month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 , since the $12.00 warrant exercise price was higher than the weighted average share price during the respective periods.
  
NOTE 3 — DETAIL OF SELECTED BALANCE SHEET ACCOUNTS

Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable is comprised of the following:
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Accounts receivable
$
64,004

 
$
73,584

Less allowance for doubtful accounts

 

Accounts receivable, net
$
64,004

 
$
73,584


7

SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except for share amounts and as otherwise noted)



Prepaid Expenses

Prepaid expenses are comprised of the following:
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Prepaid taxes
$
6,279

 
$
13,244

Deposits
789

 
868

Other prepaid expenses
1,468

 
2,925

Total prepaid expenses
$
8,536

 
$
17,037


Property and Equipment
 
Property and equipment is comprised of the following: 
 
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Property and equipment
 
$
123,586

 
$
123,208

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
(49,835
)
 
(46,112
)
Property and equipment, net
 
$
73,751

 
$
77,096

 
Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are comprised of the following:
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Intangible assets
$
1,408

 
$
1,491

Less accumulated amortization
(467
)
 
(441
)
Intangible assets, net
$
941

 
$
1,050

 
Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities are comprised of the following:
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Accrued payroll liabilities
$
6,264

 
$
8,652

Accrued interest
3,167

 
7,489

Other accrued liabilities
3,247

 
3,413

Total accrued liabilities
$
12,678

 
$
19,554


NOTE 4 — REVOLVING CREDIT FACILITY

On November 6, 2014 , SAExploration, Inc. (“Borrower”), SAExploration Holdings, Inc. (“Corporation”) and the Corporation’s other domestic subsidiaries and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (“Lender”) entered into a Credit and Security Agreement (“Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement provides for a $20,000 revolving line of credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) secured by the Corporation’s and the Corporation's domestic subsidiaries' U.S. assets, including accounts receivable and equipment, subject to certain exclusions and exceptions as set forth in the Credit Agreement. The proceeds of the Revolving Credit Facility will primarily be used to fund the Corporation’s working capital needs for its operations and for general corporate purposes. As of March 31, 2015 , the Corporation had no amounts drawn under the Revolving Credit Facility.
  

8



Borrowings made under the Revolving Credit Facility bear interest, payable monthly, at a rate of daily three month LIBOR plus 3% ( 3.27% at March 31, 2015 ). The Revolving Credit Facility has a maturity date of November 6, 2017 , unless terminated earlier. The Corporation may request, and the Lender may grant, an increase to the maximum amount available under the Revolving Credit Facility in minimum increments of $1,000 not to exceed an additional $10,000 in the aggregate, so long as certain conditions as described in the Credit Agreement are met.

The Credit Agreement includes a sub-facility for letters of credit in amounts up to the lesser of the available borrowing base or $10,000 . Letters of credit are subject to Lender approval and a fee which accrues at the annual rate of 3% of the undrawn daily balance of the outstanding letters of credit, payable monthly. An unused line fee of 0.5% per annum of the daily average of the maximum Revolving Credit Facility amount reduced by outstanding borrowings and letters of credit is payable monthly. As of March 31, 2015 , no letters of credit were outstanding under the sub facility.
 
Under the Revolving Credit Facility, borrowings are subject to borrowing base availability and may not exceed 85% of the amount of eligible accounts receivable, as defined, plus the lesser of $20,000 or 85% of the orderly net liquidation value of existing eligible equipment per appraisal and 85% of hard costs of acquired eligible equipment, less the aggregate amount of any reserves established by the Lender. If borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility exceed $5,000 , the Corporation is subject to minimum rolling 12 months EBITDA requirements of $20,000 on a consolidated basis and $8,000 on the Corporation’s operations in the State of Alaska. The minimum EBITDA for the consolidated basis calculation is lowered by $17,000 if the month of July 2014 is included within the rolling 12 months period and also excludes the effect of the change in fair value of notes payable to related parties.
 
The Credit Agreement contains covenants including, but not limited to (i) commitments to maintain and deliver to Lender, as required, certain financial reports, records and other items, (ii) subject to certain exceptions under the Credit Agreement, restrictions on the ability of the Corporation to incur indebtedness, create or incur liens, enter into fundamental changes to corporate structure or to the nature of the business of the Corporation, dispose of assets, permit a change in control, acquire non-permitted investments, enter into affiliate transactions or make distributions, (iii) maintain the minimum EBITDA specified above and (iv) maintain eligible equipment, as defined, located in the State of Alaska with a value of at least 75% of the value of such equipment included in the borrowing base availability plus the value of equipment outside the United States which would be otherwise eligible under the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement also contains representations, warranties, covenants and other terms and conditions, including relating to the payment of fees to the Lender, which are customary for agreements of this type. The Corporation is in compliance with the Credit Agreement covenants as of March 31, 2015 .

The Credit Agreement also provides for customary events of default. If an event of default occurs and is continuing, then the Lender may, among other options as described in the Credit Agreement, declare the obligations of the Borrower to be due and payable immediately or declare the funding obligations of the Lender terminated immediately, subject to the terms of the Intercreditor Agreement described below.
 
The Credit Agreement is subject to the Intercreditor Agreement (“Intercreditor Agreement”) dated as of November 6, 2014 between the Lender and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee and collateral agent (“Noteholder Agent”) pursuant to the Indenture dated as of July 2, 2014 relating to the Corporation’s 10% Senior Secured Notes due 2019. The Intercreditor Agreement sets forth various terms between the Lender and Noteholder Agent, including, but not limited to, (i) the priority of liens between those granted by the Indenture and the Credit Agreement, (ii) enforcement action procedures, (iii) the application of the proceeds of the senior collateral received by either the Noteholder Agent or the Lender, (iv) the process by which any liens may be released, (v) insolvency proceeding procedures, (vi) a prohibition on amending various agreements in a manner inconsistent with or in violation of the Intercreditor Agreement, and (vii) the option of the Noteholder Agent to purchase the Borrower’s debt under the Credit Agreement from the Lender if certain triggering conditions are met. The Intercreditor Agreement also contains customary representations, warranties, covenants and other terms and conditions.

NOTE 5 — NOTES PAYABLE

Notes payable outstanding were as follows:

9

SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except for share amounts and as otherwise noted)


 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
Senior secured notes
$
150,000

 
$
150,000

Equipment note payable
1,266

 
1,654

Total notes payable outstanding
151,266

 
151,654

Less current portion of equipment notes payable
1,266

 
1,654

Total long-term portion of notes payable
$
150,000

 
$
150,000


Senior Secured Notes

On July 2, 2014 , the Corporation entered into an Indenture ("Indenture") under which it issued $150,000 of senior secured notes ("Notes") due July 15, 2019 , in a private offering to qualified institutional buyers pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act and to non-U.S. persons in offshore transactions pursuant to Regulation S under the Securities Act. The Notes bear interest at the annual rate of 10% payable semi-annually in arrears on January 15 and July 15 of each year, commencing on January 15, 2015 . The Notes are guaranteed on a senior secured basis with a lien on substantially all assets of SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and each of its existing and future domestic subsidiaries, except for any immaterial subsidiaries ("Guarantors"). The liens securing the Notes are subject to certain exceptions and permitted liens, which are contractually subordinated to a first priority lien on certain U.S. assets securing the Revolving Credit Facility under the Intercreditor Agreement discussed in Note 4.
 
The Corporation has the right to redeem some or all of the Notes at the redemption prices (expressed as percentages of the principal amount to be redeemed) set forth below, together with accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date, if redeemed on or after January 15, 2017 as indicated:
Period
Percentage
On or after January 15, 2017 and prior to July 15, 2017
107.5%
On or after July 15, 2017 and prior to July 15, 2018
105.0%
On and after July 15, 2018
100.0%
 

The Corporation also has the right to redeem some or all of the Notes at any time or from time to time prior to January 15, 2017 , at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof plus an applicable premium determined in accordance with the Indenture and accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date. In addition, the Corporation has the right to redeem from time to time up to 35% of the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the Notes before January 15, 2017 , with the net proceeds of an equity offering at a redemption price equal to 110% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued but unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date.
 
Subject to certain exceptions, upon the occurrence of a Change of Control (as defined in the Indenture), each holder of Notes will have the right to require the Corporation to purchase that holder’s Notes for a cash price equal to 101% of the principal amounts to be purchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of purchase. Upon the occurrence of an Asset Sale (as defined in the Indenture), each holder of Notes will have the right to require the Corporation to purchase that holder’s Notes for a cash price equal to 100% of the principal amounts to be purchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of purchase from any proceeds from the Asset Sale in excess of $7.5 million that are not otherwise used by the Corporation to either reduce its debt, reinvest in assets or acquire a permitted business.
 
The Indenture contains covenants which include limitations on the Corporation's ability to: (i) transfer or sell assets; (ii) pay dividends, redeem subordinated indebtedness or make other restricted payments; (iii) incur or guarantee additional indebtedness or, with respect to the Corporation's restricted subsidiaries, issue preferred stock; (iv) create or incur liens; (v) incur dividend or other payment restrictions affecting its restricted subsidiaries; (vi) consummate a merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of its or its subsidiaries’ assets; (vii) enter into transactions with affiliates; (viii) engage in business other than its current business and reasonably related extensions thereof; and (ix) take or omit to take any actions that would adversely affect or impair in any material respect the collateral securing the Notes. The Corporation is in compliance with the Indenture covenants as of March 31, 2015 .
 

10

SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except for share amounts and as otherwise noted)


In connection with the issuance of the Notes, the Corporation entered into a registration rights agreement in which the Corporation agreed to use its best efforts to register with the SEC a new series of freely tradable notes (“Exchange Notes”), which will be exchanged for the current Notes. The Corporation and the Guarantors further agreed to use best efforts to: (i) file a registration statement for the Exchange Notes with the SEC by April 28, 2015; (ii) cause the registration statement to be declared effective by July 27, 2015; and (iii) close the exchange offer 30 days after such registration statement is declared effective. In certain circumstances, the Corporation may be required to file a shelf registration statement to cover resale of the Notes. If the Corporation and the Guarantors do not meet the deadlines set forth above, additional interest (as defined in the Indenture) will be payable until the obligations described above are fulfilled. The Corporation filed its registration statement with the SEC on April 30, 2015, which was two days after the registration rights agreement deadline. As a result, the Corporation will record additional interest expense of $2 during the second quarter of 2015.
 
Equipment Note Payable

On November 18, 2014 , the Corporation entered into a note payable to Sercel, Inc. in the amount of $1,838 , bearing interest at the annual rate of 8% . The note payable is secured by geophones and related accessories which were delivered in December 2014 . A payment of $184 was made upon delivery of the equipment with principal and interest payments of $144 due monthly thereafter until the note is fully paid on December 15, 2015 .

NOTE 6 — INCOME TAXES

The Corporation records income tax expense for interim periods on the basis of an estimated annual effective tax rate.  The estimated annual effective tax rate is recomputed on a quarterly basis and may fluctuate due to changes in forecasted annual operating income, positive or negative changes to the valuation allowance for net deferred tax assets, and changes to actual or forecasted permanent book to tax differences.  In addition, the Corporation reflects the tax effect of discrete items such as merger expenses, specific capital issuance expenses and accelerated finance charges in the quarter these events occur.

For the three months ended March 31, 2015 , the effective tax rate was 23.6% .  The primary reason the tax rate differs from the 35% Federal statutory corporate rate is the impact of increased valuation allowances, permanent tax differences and foreign tax expenses.  For the three months ended March 31, 2014 , the effective tax rate was 72.0% .  The primary reason the tax rate differs from the 35% Federal statutory corporate rate is the impact of increased valuation allowances, permanent differences and foreign tax expenses.

The Corporation believes that without positive evidence, it is more likely than not that the benefit from certain net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards and foreign tax credits may not be realized. In recognition of this risk, the Corporation has maintained a full valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets relating to these NOL carryforwards and foreign tax credits of certain countries, which had caused the unusually high effective tax rate in prior periods.
 
NOTE 7 — STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
Preferred Stock
 
The Corporation is authorized to issue 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share with such designations, rights, and preferences as may be determined from time to time by the Corporation’s Board of Directors. As of March 31, 2015 , there were no shares of preferred stock issued or outstanding.
 
Common Stock
 
The Corporation is authorized to issue 55,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share. As of March 31, 2015 , a total of 14,922,497 shares were issued and outstanding.
 
Warrants

Warrant Exchange

On January 7, 2014 , the Corporation commenced an offer to exchange all outstanding Trio Merger Corp. and Convertible Debt warrants for shares of its common stock in a cashless transaction (“Warrant Exchange”). Each warrant holder had the opportunity

11

SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except for share amounts and as otherwise noted)


to receive one share of the Corporation’s common stock in exchange for every ten outstanding warrants tendered by the holder and exchanged pursuant to the Warrant Exchange. In lieu of issuing fractional shares of common stock, the Corporation paid cash to each holder of warrants who would otherwise have been entitled to receive fractional shares, after aggregating all such fractional shares of such holder, in an amount equal to such fractional part of a share multiplied by the last sale price of a share of the Corporation’s common stock on the Nasdaq Global Market on February 7, 2014 .

The Warrant Exchange offer period expired on February 7, 2014 and a total of 14,418,193 warrants of the 15,000,000 warrants outstanding were tendered and accepted for exchange. On February 14, 2014 , the Corporation issued 1,441,813 shares of common stock and paid $52 cash in lieu of fractional shares in exchange for such tendered warrants.

Trio Merger Corp. Warrants

During 2011 , the Corporation sold warrants for the purchase of an aggregate of 14,000,000 shares of its common stock with an expiration date of June 24, 2016 . After completion of the Warrant Exchange discussed above, the 581,807 warrants not offered for exchange have since remained outstanding. The warrants have an exercise price of $12.00 per share and can be called by the Corporation for redemption at $0.01 per warrant if the last sale price of the Corporation's common stock equals or exceeds $15.00 per share, for any 20 trading days within a 30 consecutive trading day period. If the warrants are called for redemption, the Corporation will have the option to require any holder that wishes to exercise its warrant to do so on a “cashless basis". 

Common Stock Held in Escrow in Connection with Merger

The Corporation was initially formed on February 2, 2011 under the name Trio Merger Corp. as a blank check company in order to effect a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition or other similar business combination with one or more business entities. On June 24, 2013 (the "Closing"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Corporation completed a merger ("Merger") under an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, as amended ("Merger Agreement") with the entity formerly known as SAExploration Holdings, Inc. (“Former SAE”), at which time the business of Former SAE became the Corporation’s business.

Merger Consideration Escrow

A portion of the merger consideration payable at Closing was allocable to holders of certain derivative securities of Former SAE that were not converted or exchanged prior to the Merger. As of March 31, 2015 , a total of 84,131 shares of common stock were held in escrow pending the conversion or exercise of those derivative securities (the “Merger Consideration Escrow”). The escrow agreement provides that CLCH, LLC ("CLCH"), as nominee of the Corporation, will have voting control over all shares of Corporation common stock held in the Merger Consideration Escrow.

Merger Indemnification Escrow
In connection with the Merger, 545,635 shares of Corporation common stock issued to Former SAE stockholders at Closing were deposited in escrow to secure the indemnification obligations under the Merger Agreement. As of March 31, 2015 , 272,817 shares of Corporation common stock remain in escrow which will be released 30 days after the Corporation files its annual report on Form 10-K for its 2015 fiscal year, less any shares reserved to satisfy tax or environmental indemnification claims made prior to such date.
Share-Based Compensation
 
On June 21, 2013 , the stockholders approved the Corporation’s 2013 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan for the benefit of certain employees performing services for the Corporation. The plan reserves up to 792,513 shares of the Corporation’s common stock for issuance in accordance with the plan’s terms including a maximum of up to 396,256 shares that may be issued pursuant to awards of restricted stock. As of March 31, 2015 , no shares have been issued under the plan.

On November 1, 2013 , the Corporation’s non-employee director share incentive plan became effective, which provides for discretionary grants of stock awards to the Corporation’s independent non-employee directors, as determined by the Corporation’s board of directors from time to time. The awards may take the form of unrestricted or restricted shares of the Corporation’s common stock or options to purchase shares of the Corporation’s common stock. The Corporation has reserved 400,000 shares of common stock for issuance under the 2013 Non-Employee Director Plan, of which 321,980 shares remain for issuance as of March 31, 2015 . No shares were issued under the plan during the three months ended March 31, 2015 .
 

12

SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except for share amounts and as otherwise noted)


NOTE 8 — FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
 
The Corporation has certain assets and liabilities that are required to be measured and disclosed at fair value in accordance with GAAP. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. When an asset or liability is required to be measured at fair value, an entity is required to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs using a fair value hierarchy as follows: 

Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

Level 2: Observable inputs other than quoted prices that are directly or indirectly observable for the asset or liability, including quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for similar or identical assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant value drivers are observable. 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs that reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions. Measurement is based on prices or valuation models requiring inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and supported by little or no market activity.

The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and equipment note payable are a reasonable estimate of their fair values due to their short duration.    

Corporation financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2014 are as follows: 
 
 
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
(Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
Note payable to related parties – Former SAE common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2013
$
12,406

 
$

 
$

 
$
12,406

Unrealized loss
507

 

 

 
507

Balance at March 31, 2014
$
12,913

 
$

 
$

 
$
12,913


At March 31, 2014 , the fair value of note payable to related parties – Former SAE stockholders was derived using the net present value of expected cash flow discounted using a rate based on yield curves for similar U.S. Dollar debt instruments adjusted for the specific terms of the note payable to related parties – Former SAE stockholders and other factors such as the Corporation’s own cost of capital in recent financing transactions, resulting in an unrealized loss of $507 reported under change in fair value of note payable to related parties – Former SAE stockholders for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . On July 2, 2014 , the note payable to related parties – Former SAE stockholders was refinanced, resulting in its repayment and termination, and the realization of the loss previously recorded.

The Corporation financial instrument not recorded at fair value consists of the senior secured notes. The senior secured notes were issued on July 2, 2014 . At March 31, 2015 , the carrying value of the senior secured notes was $150,000 and the estimated fair value was $84,000 . The fair value is determined by a market approach using dealer quoted period-end bond prices. This instrument is classified as Level 2 as valuation inputs for fair value measurements are dealer quoted market prices at March 31, 2015 obtained from independent third party sources. However, no assurance can be given that the fair value would be the amount realized in an active market exchange.

The Corporation's non-financial assets include goodwill, property and equipment, and other intangible assets, which are classified as Level 3 assets. These assets are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as part of the Corporation's impairment assessments and as circumstances require. Goodwill is subjected to an annual review for impairment or more frequently as required.


13



NOTE 9 — NONCONTROLLING INTEREST
 
Effective November 19, 2012 , an agreement was entered into between a subsidiary of the Corporation and Kuukpik Corporation (“Kuukpik”) to form a separate legal entity (“Joint Venture”) for the purpose of performing contracts for the acquisition and development of geophysical and seismic data and for geophysical and seismic services and any and all related work anywhere on the North Slope of Alaska (onshore or offshore) for a period of five years . The Corporation and Kuukpik’s percentage ownership interest in the Joint Venture are 49.0% and 51.0% , respectively. The sole source of revenue of the Joint Venture is contracts performed by the Corporation. Pre-award costs incurred on potential contracts by Kuukpik and the Corporation are absorbed by each party and not by the Joint Venture. The Joint Venture receives 10% of gross revenues of all contracts performed by the Corporation, which is distributed to Kuukpik and the Corporation based on their relative ownership percentages. Risk of loss on a contract, including credit risk, is the Corporation's sole responsibility. Based on its power to influence the significant business activities of the Joint Venture and its responsibility to absorb contract losses, the Corporation was determined to be the primary beneficiary under GAAP and as such consolidates the Joint Venture. The results of the Joint Venture are combined with the Corporation and all intercompany transactions are eliminated upon consolidation. Amounts reflected for the Joint Venture in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements consist of the balances reported under net income attributable to noncontrolling interest for the three month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 and noncontrolling interest on the March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 balance sheets.

NOTE 10 — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 
The Corporation is involved in various legal proceedings involving contractual and employment relationships, liability claims, and a variety of other matters. The outcome of these legal proceedings and other matters is not expected to have, either individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2015 and for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 . The following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including those set forth under "Risk Factors" in Part I, Item 1A of our 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K. See “Forward-Looking Statements” below. Amounts are in thousands, except for share amounts and as otherwise noted.
 
Highlights

The following discussion is intended to assist in understanding our financial position at March 31, 2015 , and our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2015 . Financial and operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2015 include:

Revenues from services for the three months ended March 31, 2015 decreased to $ 79,678 from $ 87,662 in 2014 .

Gross profit for the three months ended March 31, 2015 increased to $ 21,007 from $ 19,708 in 2014 .

Gross profit as a percentage of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2015 increased to 26.4% from 22.5% in 2014 .

Operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $ 12,131 compared to $ 9,979 in 2014 .

Net income for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $ 3,945 compared to net income of $ 1,484 in 2014 .

Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2015 increased to $ 17,085 compared to $ 13,980 for 2014 .

Cash and cash equivalents totaled $ 10,929 as of March 31, 2015 compared to $ 13,403 as of March 31, 2014 .

Overview

We are an internationally-focused oilfield services company offering a full range of vertically-integrated seismic data acquisition and logistical support services in Alaska, Canada, South America and Southeast Asia to our customers in the oil and natural gas industry. We were initially formed on February 2, 2011 as a blank check company in order to effect a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition or other similar business combination with one or more business entities. On June 24, 2013, our wholly-owned

14



subsidiary completed a merger ("Merger") under an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, as amended, with the entity formerly known as SAExploration Holdings, Inc. (“Former SAE”), at which time the business of Former SAE became our business.

The Merger was accounted for as a reverse acquisition in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Under this method of accounting, we were treated as the “acquired” company for financial reporting purposes. This determination was primarily based on Former SAE comprising the ongoing operations of the combined entity, Former SAE senior management comprising the senior management of the combined company, and the Former SAE common stockholders having a majority of the voting power of the combined entity. In accordance with guidance applicable to these circumstances, the Merger was considered to be a capital transaction in substance. Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the Merger was treated as the equivalent of Former SAE issuing stock for our net assets, accompanied by a recapitalization. Our net assets were stated at fair value, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded. Operations prior to the Merger are those of Former SAE. The equity structure after the Merger reflects our equity structure.
 
Our services include the acquisition of 2D, 3D, time-lapse 4D and multi-component seismic data on land, in transition zones between land and water offshore in depths of up to 5,000 feet. In addition, we offer a full suite of logistical support and in-field processing services. Our customers include major integrated oil companies, national oil companies and independent oil and gas exploration and production companies. Our services are primarily used by our customers to identify and analyze drilling prospects and to maximize successful drilling, making demand for such services dependent upon the level of customer spending on exploration, production, development and field management activities, which is influenced by the fluctuation in oil and natural gas commodity prices. Demand for our services is also impacted by long-term supply concerns based on national oil policies and other country-specific economic and geo-political conditions. We have expertise in logistics and focus upon providing a complete service package, particularly in our international operations, which allows efficient movement into remote areas, giving us what we believe to be a strategic advantage over our competitors and providing us with opportunities for growth. Many of the areas of the world where we work have limited seasons for seismic data acquisition, requiring high utilization of key personnel and redeployment of equipment from one part of the world to another. All of our remote area camps, drills and support equipment are easily containerized and made for easy transport to locations anywhere in the world. As a result, if conditions deteriorate in a current location or demand rises in another location, we are able to quickly redeploy our crews and equipment to other parts of the world. By contrast, we tend to subcontract out more of our services in North America than in other regions, and our North American revenues tend to be more dependent upon data acquisition services rather than our full line of services.
While our revenues from services are mainly affected by the level of customer demand for our services, operating revenue is also affected by the bargaining power of our customers relating to our services, as well as the productivity and utilization levels of our data acquisition crews. Our logistical expertise can be a mitigating factor in service price negotiation with our customers, allowing us to maintain larger margins in certain regions of the world, particularly in the most remote or most challenging climates of the world. Factors impacting the productivity and utilization levels of our crews include permitting delays, downtime related to inclement weather, decrease in daylight working hours during winter months, time and expense of repositioning crews, the number and size of each crew, and the number of recording channels available to each crew. We have the ability to optimize the utilization of personnel and equipment, which is a key factor to stabilizing margins in the various regions in which we operate. Specifically, we are investing in equipment that is lighter weight and more easily shipped between the different regions. The ability to reduce both the costs of shipment and the amount of shipping time increases our operating margins and utilization of equipment. Similar logic applies to the utilization of personnel. We focus on employing field managers who are mobile and have the expertise and knowledge of many different markets within our operations. This allows for better timing of operations and the ability of management staff to run those operations while at the same time minimizing personnel costs. An added benefit of a highly mobile field management team is better internal transfer of skill and operational knowledge and the ability to spread operational efficiencies rapidly between the various regions.
Generally the choice of whether to subcontract out services depends on the expertise available in a certain region and whether that expertise is more efficiently obtained through subcontractors or by using our own labor force. For the most part, services are subcontracted within North America and our personnel are used in other regions where we operate. When subcontractors are used, we manage them and require that they comply with our work policies and QHSE objectives.
Our customers continue to request increased recording channel capacity on a per crew or project basis in order to produce higher resolution images, to increase crew efficiencies and to allow us to undertake larger scale projects. In order to meet these demands, we routinely deploy a variable number of land and marine channels through various sources with multiple crews in an effort to maximize asset utilization and meet customer needs. We believe that increased channel counts and more flexibility of deployment will result in increased crew efficiencies, which we believe should translate into higher revenues and margins.

15



The acquisition of seismic data for the oil and gas industry is a highly competitive business. Factors such as price, experience, asset availability and capacity, technological expertise and reputation for dependability and safety of a crew significantly affect a potential customer’s decision to award a contract to us or one of our competitors. Our competitors include much larger companies with greater financial resources, more available equipment and more crews, as well as companies of comparable and smaller sizes. Our primary competitors are Compagnie Générale de Géophysique (CGG), Geokinetics, Inc., Global Geophysical Services, Inc., BGP, Inc. and ION Geophysical Corporation. In addition to those companies, we also compete for projects from time to time with smaller seismic companies that operate in local markets.  
Contracts
 
We conduct seismic data acquisition services under master service agreements with our customers that set forth certain obligations of our customers and us. A supplemental agreement setting forth the terms of a specific project, which may be cancelled by either party on short notice, is entered into for every data acquisition project. The supplemental agreements are either “turnkey” agreements that provide for a fixed fee to be paid to us for each unit of data acquired, or “term” agreements that provide for a fixed hourly, daily or monthly fee during the term of the project.
Turnkey agreements generally mean more profit potential, but involve more risks due to potential crew downtimes or operational delays. We attempt to negotiate on a project-by-project basis some level of weather downtime protection within the turnkey agreements. Under term agreements, we are ensured a more consistent revenue stream with improved protection from crew downtime or operational delays, but with a decreased profit potential.
How We Generate Revenues

We provide a full range of seismic data acquisition services, including infield processing services, and related logistics services. We currently provide our services on only a proprietary basis to our customers and the seismic data acquired is owned by our customers once acquired.
Our seismic data acquisition services include the following:
 
Program Design, Planning and Permitting . The seismic survey is initiated at the time the customer requests a proposal to acquire seismic data on its behalf. We employ an experienced design team, including geophysicists with extensive experience in 2D, 3D and time-lapse 4D survey design, to assess and recommend acquisition parameters and technologies to best meet the customer’s exploration objectives. Our design team analyzes the request and works with the customer to put an operational, personnel and capital resource plan in place to execute and complete the project.
Once a seismic program is designed, we work with the customer to obtain the necessary permits from governmental authorities and access rights of way from surface and mineral estate owners or lessees where the survey is to be conducted. In most cases, the customer takes the lead in obtaining permits for seismic operations but we supplement these efforts by providing our expertise with the communities and local governments.
Camp Services . We have developed efficient processes for setting up, operating and dismantling field camps in challenging and remote locations. We operate our camps to ensure the safety, comfort and productivity for the team working on each project and to minimize the environmental impact through the use of wastewater treatment facilities, trash management, water purification, generators with full noise isolation and recycling areas.
In areas like South America and Southeast Asia, logistical support needs to be in place to establish supply lines for remote jungle camps. To ensure the quality of services delivered to these remote camps, we own 10 supply and personnel river boats to gain access to remote jungle areas. We also have five jungle camps and a series of 40 fly camps that act as advance camps from the main project camp. Each of these jungle base camps contains a full service medical facility complete with doctors and nurses in the remote chance it needs to stabilize any potential injuries for medical transport. The camps are equipped with full meal kitchens held to high standards of cleanliness, sleeping and recreational quarters, power supply, communications links, air support, water purification systems, black water purification systems, offices, repair garages, fuel storage and many more support services.
Survey and Drilling . In a typical seismic recording program, the first two stages of the program are survey and drilling. Once all of the permitting is completed, the survey crews enter the project areas and begin establishing the source and receiver placements in accordance with the survey design agreed to by the customer. The survey crew lays out the line locations to be recorded and, if explosives are being used, identifies the sites for shot-hole placement. The drilling crew creates the holes for the explosive charges that produce the necessary acoustical impulse.
The surveying and drilling crews may be employed by us or may be third party contractors depending on the nature of the project and its location. In North America, the surveying and drilling crews are typically provided by third party contractors and supervised

16



by our personnel. In North America, our vibroseis source units consist of the latest source technology, including eight AHV IV 364 Commander Vibrators and six environmentally friendly IVI mini vibrators, complete with the latest Pelton DR electronics. In South America and Southeast Asia, we perform our own surveying and drilling, which is supported by up to 200 drilling units, including people portable, low impact self-propelled walk behind, track driven and heliportable deployed drilling rigs. Our senior drilling staff has a combined work experience of over 50 years in some of the most challenging environments in the world. On most programs there are multiple survey and drilling crews that work at a coordinated pace to remain ahead of the data recording crews.
Recording . We use equipment capable of collecting 2D, 3D, time-lapse 4D and multi-component seismic data. We utilize vibrator energy sources or explosives depending on the nature of the program. In addition, we have over 29,500 land and marine seismic channels and other equipment available through rental or long-term leasing sources. All of our systems record equivalent seismic information but vary in the manner by which seismic data is transferred to the central recording unit, as well as their operational flexibility and channel count expandability. We utilize 11,500 channels of Sercel 428/408 equipment, 6,000 channels of Fairfield Land Nodal equipment, 2,000 units Fairfield Ocean Bottom Nodal equipment and 10,000 channels of Geospace GSR equipment.
We have made significant capital investments to increase the recording capacity of our crews by increasing channel count and the number of energy source units we operate. This increase in channel count demand is driven by customer needs and is necessary in order to produce higher resolution images, increase crew efficiencies and undertake larger scale projects. In response to project-based channel requirements, we routinely deploy a variable number of channels with a variable number of crews in an effort to maximize asset utilization and meet customer needs. When recording equipment is at or near full utilization, we utilize rental equipment from strategic suppliers to augment our existing inventories. We believe we will realize the benefit of increased channel counts and flexibility of deployment through increased crew efficiencies, higher revenues and increased margins.
During the past three years, we dedicated a significant portion of our capital investment to purchasing and leasing wireless recording systems rather than the traditional wired systems. We utilize this equipment as primarily stand-alone recording systems, but on occasion it is used in conjunction with cable-based systems. The wireless recording systems allow us to gain further efficiencies in data recording and provide greater flexibility in the complex environments in which we operate. In addition, we have realized increased crew efficiencies and lessened the environmental impact of our seismic programs due to the presence of fewer personnel and less equipment in the field. We believe we will experience continued demand for wireless recording systems in the future.
We also utilize multi-component recording equipment on certain projects to further enhance the quality of data acquired and help our customers enhance their development of producing reservoirs. Multi-component recording involves the collection of different seismic waves, including shear waves, which aids in reservoir analysis such as fracture orientation and intensity in shale formations and allows for more descriptive rock properties.
Reclamation . We have experienced teams responsible for reclamation in the areas where work has been performed so as to minimize the environmental footprint from the seismic program. These programs can include reforestation or other activities to restore the natural landscape at our worksites.
In-field Processing . Our knowledgeable and experienced team provides our customers with superior quality field processing. Our quality control applications are appropriate for identifying and analyzing ambient noise, evaluating field parameters and supporting obstacle-recovery strategies. Using the latest hardware and software, our technical and field teams electronically manage customer data from the field to the processing office, minimizing time between field production and processing. For full seismic processing, we use software from a variety of global suppliers. All the steps employed in our basic processing sequence are tailored to the particular project and customer objectives. We implement strict quality control processes to meet or surpass industry-established standards. Currently, we do not acquire data for our own account or for future sale, maintain multi-client data libraries or participate in oil and gas drilling ventures. The results of a seismic survey conducted for a customer belong to that customer. All of our customers’ proprietary information is maintained in confidence.
Results of Operations
 
The following tables set forth, for the periods indicated, certain financial data derived from our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. Amounts are presented in thousands unless otherwise indicated. Percentages shown in the tables below are percentages of total revenue.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2014
 
Our operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are highlighted below: 

17



 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
% of Revenue
 
2014
 
% of Revenue
Revenue from services:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

North America
$
61,518

 
77.2
 %
 
$
31,599

 
36.0
 %
South America
18,160

 
22.8
 %
 
55,313

 
63.1
 %
Southeast Asia

 
 %
 
750

 
0.9
 %
Total revenue
79,678

 
100.0
 %
 
87,662

 
100.0
 %
Gross profit
21,007

 
26.4
 %
 
19,708

 
22.5
 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
8,876

 
11.2
 %
 
9,729

 
11.1
 %
Income from operations
12,131

 
15.2
 %
 
9,979

 
11.4
 %
Other expense
(6,967
)
 
(8.7
)%
 
(4,683
)
 
(5.4
)%
Provision for income taxes
1,219

 
1.5
 %
 
3,812

 
4.3
 %
Less net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
2,774

 
3.5
 %
 
786

 
0.9
 %
Net income attributable to the Corporation
$
1,171

 
1.5
 %
 
$
698

 
0.8
 %

Revenue from Services.

North America: Revenue in North America for the three months ended March 31, 2015 increased by $ 29,919 or 94.7% compared to $ 31,599 for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . The increase in revenue was due principally to increased 2015 revenue in Alaska resulting from an overall increase in seismic activity and market share in the North Slope region compared to 2014. The market in the North Slope region of Alaska experienced significant growth during the 2015 winter season as a result of favorable market and regulatory conditions for oil and gas producers. In 2015, the Canadian market was adversely impacted by an overall reduction in exploration activity related to the commodity price environment.
 
South America: Revenue in South America for the three months ended March 31, 2015 decreased by $ 37,153 or 67.2% compared to $ 55,313 for three months ended March 31, 2014 . The decrease in revenue during 2015 was primarily due to completion of major projects in Colombia and Bolivia in the latter part of 2014, partially offset by higher revenue in Peru. In 2015, the Colombian market was adversely impacted by regulatory issues that slowed the government approval process, resulting in some project delays.

Southeast Asia: Revenues in Southeast Asia for the three months ended March 31, 2015 decreased by $ 750 or 100.0% compared to $ 750 for three months ended March 31, 2014 . The decrease in revenue for Southeast Asia was due primarily to projects concluding in the first quarter of 2014 in New Zealand and Malaysia. Southeast Asia remains a burgeoning, yet competitive market for shallow-water seismic activity and we currently expect revenue contribution from this region during the remainder of 2015.

Gross Profit.  Gross profit was $ 21,007 , or 26.4% of revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $ 19,708 , or 22.5% of revenues, for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . The improvement in gross profit during the three month period was primarily related to higher revenues and improved operational execution in Alaska, which typically offers better pricing, due to the complex nature of the operating environment and the shortened seasonal operating windows.

Within the seismic data services industry, gross profit is presented both with or without depreciation and amortization expense on equipment used in operations. Our gross profit is presented after reduction for depreciation and amortization expense on equipment used in operations. The following table discloses gross profit on both bases:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2015
 
% of Revenue
 
2014
 
% of Revenue
 
Gross profit as presented
$
21,007

 
26.4
%
 
$
19,708

 
22.5
%
 
Depreciation and amortization expense included in cost of services
4,400

 
5.5
%
 
3,526

 
4.0
%
 
Gross profit excluding depreciation and amortization expense included in cost of services
$
25,407

 
31.9
%
 
$
23,234

 
26.5
%
 
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 , selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses decreased by $ 853 to $ 8,876 or 11.2% of revenue compared to $ 9,729 or 11.1% of revenue for the three

18



months ended March 31, 2014 . SG&A expenses in 2015 as a percentage of revenue was approximately the same as 2014 in spite of lower overall revenue due to headcount reductions and cost controls implemented during the quarter. 2015 SG&A expense includes $596 of severance costs incurred during the quarter in our Peru, Corporate and Canadian locations, related to the previously announced workforce reduction program. We currently expect to incur additional severance costs of approximately $600 during the remainder of 2015, primarily related to the continued progress of the aforementioned workforce reduction program.

Other Expense. Other expense increased by $ 2,284 for the three months ended March 31, 2015 . The increase in expense was due to the higher unrealized loss on foreign currency transactions primarily incurred in our South American locations, directly related the stronger U.S. dollar.

Provision for Income Taxes. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 , the provision for income taxes was $ 1,219 representing a 23.6% effective tax rate compared to the provision for income taxes of $ 3,812 for the three months ended March 31, 2014 at a 72.0% effective tax rate. The decrease in the provision for income taxes of $ 2,593 was primarily due to lower foreign taxes on income of foreign subsidiaries. Following the completion of the restructuring of our foreign branch offices into subsidiaries, we currently expect to realize a more normalized effective tax rate during 2015, as compared to 2014.

We record income tax expense for interim periods on the basis of an estimated annual effective tax rate.  The estimated annual effective tax rate is recomputed on a quarterly basis and may fluctuate due to changes in forecasted annual operating income, positive or negative changes to the valuation allowance for net deferred tax assets, and changes to actual or forecasted permanent book to tax differences.  We believe that without positive evidence, it is more likely than not that the benefit from certain net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards and foreign tax credits may not be realized. In recognition of this risk, we maintain a full valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets relating to these NOL carryforwards and foreign tax credits of certain countries.

Net Income Attributable to the Corporation. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 , net income attributable to the Corporation was $ 1,171 compared to $ 698 for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . The increase in net income for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was primarily due to the following factors:

Higher gross profit and lower SG&A expenses; and
Proportionately lower provision for income taxes; partially offset by
Substantially higher unrealized loss on foreign currency transactions; and
Severance costs in our Peru, Corporate and Canadian locations.

Adjusted EBITDA. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 , adjusted EBITDA was $17,085 compared to $13,980 for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . The increase was due primarily to improved operating results as discussed above.   

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Cash Flows .    Cash provided by operations for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $ 6,988 , compared to cash used in operations of $ 1,406 for the first three months of 2014, an increase in cash provided by operations of $ 8,394 . Cash provided by net income and net cash adjustments to net income increased to $ 11,149 for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to cash provided by net income and net cash adjustments to net income of $ 7,232 for the three months ended March 31, 2014 as a result of higher income from operations in 2015. Net changes in operating assets and liabilities resulted in cash used of $ 4,161 for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to cash used of $ 8,638 for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , primarily due to lower accounts receivable from decreased revenues and increased payments of operating expenses and foreign income tax liabilities.

Working Capital   Working capital as of March 31, 2015 was $ 36,531 compared to $ 31,859 as of December 31, 2014 . The increase in working capital during 2015 was principally due to the increase in cash flows from operations which resulted from the increase in activity on the North Slope of Alaska.

Capital Expenditures .   Cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $ 4,289 , compared to cash used in investing activities of $ 2,125 for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , an increase in cash used of $ 2,164 . The increase in investing activities was due to payment during the three months ended March 31, 2015 of capital expenditures for our Alaska operations which were received and recorded as accounts payable in the fourth quarter of 2014.

Our focus on providing leading edge technology will be at the forefront of our capital expenditure plans in the coming years, which investments will continue to strengthen our position and growth in the global oil and gas exploration services market. Focusing on current worldwide oil and gas markets, we will continue to employ and expand our wireless equipment on a worldwide basis while maintaining the ability to provide services to the still existing cable markets. Our capital purchases have and will allow

19



us to take advantage of all aspects of the geophysical exploration services market, ranging from land, marine and transition zone data acquisition; 2D, 3D, 4D and multi-component data acquisition; use of different methods to acquire data such as using vibroseis (vibrating) and impulsive sources; as well as vertical seismic profiling and reservoir monitoring. Investments in expanding further into our South America and Southeast Asia markets will also focus upon surveying, drilling and base camp operations.
We commit capital funds to purchase or lease the equipment we deem most effective to conduct our operations and implement our business strategy. Purchasing new assets and upgrading existing capital assets requires a commitment to capital spending. During the last three years, in line with our focus on wireless land data acquisition, we purchased a cableless seismic data acquisition system which allows up to three crews to operate under the system at the same time. Following customer needs for higher density land programs using a single point receiver application and to answer the demand for conventional and unconventional oil and gas exploration, we purchased high sensitivity geophones and two types of vibrators, further strengthening our position as a full solution provider for land data acquisition methods and technologies. Additional equipment investments were made for ongoing operations in Alaska in order to increase efficiency. We also invested in cable equipment in order to provide customers in Latin America with cable systems as wireless technology is slower to take hold in that market.  
Financing . Cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $ 3,848 , compared to cash used in financing activities of $ 423 for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , an increase in cash used of $ 3,425 . The increase in cash used in the three months ended March 31, 2015 was primarily due to the distribution to the noncontrolling interest in our joint venture for performing contracts for the acquisition and development of geophysical and seismic data and related services on the North Slope of Alaska.

Senior Secured Notes. On July 2, 2014, we issued senior secured notes ("Notes") totaling $150,000 in a private offering to qualified institutional buyers pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act and to non-U.S. persons in offshore transactions pursuant to Regulation S under the Securities Act. The proceeds of these Notes were used to pay the amounts owed under the 2012 Credit Agreement, the notes payable to Former SAE stockholders, and related professional fees and expenses, fund the purchase of equipment for our Alaska operations and for general corporate purposes.

The Notes bear interest at the annual rate of 10.0% payable semi-annually in arrears on January 15 and July 15 of each year, commencing on January 15, 2015. The Notes are guaranteed on a senior secured basis with a lien on substantially all assets of SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and each of our existing and future domestic subsidiaries, except for any immaterial subsidiaries ("Guarantors"). The liens securing our Notes are subject to certain exceptions and permitted liens, some of which are contractually subordinated to a first priority lien on certain assets under the Intercreditor Agreement discussed under "Revolving Credit Facility" below.

We have the right to redeem some or all of the Notes at the redemption prices (expressed as percentages of the principal amount to be redeemed) set forth below, together with accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date, if redeemed on or after January 15, 2017 as indicated:
Period
Percentage
On or after January 15, 2017 and prior to July 15, 2017
107.5%
On or after July 15, 2017 and prior to July 15, 2018
105.0%
On and after July 15, 2018
100.0%
 

We also have the right to redeem some or all of the Notes at any time or from time to time prior to January 15, 2017, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof plus an applicable premium determined in accordance with the Indenture and accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date. In addition, we have the right to redeem from time to time up to 35% of the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the Notes before January 15, 2017, with the net proceeds of an equity offering at a redemption price equal to 110% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued but unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date.
 
Subject to certain exceptions, upon the occurrence of a Change of Control (as defined in the Indenture), each holder of Notes will have the right to require us to purchase that holder’s Notes for a cash price equal to 101% of the principal amounts to be purchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of purchase. Upon the occurrence of an Asset Sale (as defined in the Indenture), each holder of Notes will have the right to require us to purchase that holder’s Notes for a cash price equal to 100% of the principal amounts to be purchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of purchase from any proceeds from the Asset Sale in excess of $7.5 million that are not otherwise used by us to either reduce our debt, reinvest in assets or acquire a permitted business.
 
The Indenture contains covenants which include limitations on our ability to:

20




transfer or sell assets;
pay dividends, redeem subordinated indebtedness or make other restricted payments;
incur or guarantee additional indebtedness or, with respect to our restricted subsidiaries, issue preferred stock;
create or incur liens;
incur dividend or other payment restrictions affecting our restricted subsidiaries;
consummate a merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our or our subsidiaries’ assets;
enter into transactions with affiliates;
engage in business other than our current business and reasonably related extensions thereof; and
take or omit to take any actions that would adversely affect or impair in any material respect the collateral securing the Notes.
We are in compliance with the Indenture covenants as of March 31, 2015 .
 
In connection with the issuance of the Notes, we entered into a registration rights agreement in which we agreed to use our best efforts to register with the SEC a new series of freely tradable notes (“Exchange Notes”), which will be exchanged for the current Notes. We and the Guarantors further agreed to use best efforts to: (i) file a registration statement for the Exchange Notes with the SEC by April 28, 2015; (ii) cause the registration statement to be declared effective by July 27, 2015; and (iii) close the exchange offer 30 days after such registration statement is declared effective. In certain circumstances, we may be required to file a shelf registration statement to cover resale of the Notes. If the deadlines set forth above are not met, additional interest as defined in the Indenture will be payable until the obligations described above are fulfilled. We filed our registration statement with the SEC on April 30, 2015, which was two days after the registration rights agreement deadline. As a result, we will record additional interest expense of $2 during the second quarter of 2015.

We may from time to time seek to retire or purchase our outstanding debt through cash purchases and/or exchanges for equity securities, in open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions or otherwise. Such repurchases or exchanges, if any, will depend on prevailing market conditions, our liquidity requirements, contractual restrictions and other factors. The amounts involved may be material.

Revolving Credit Facility. On November 6, 2014, SAExploration, Inc., SAExploration Holdings, Inc., and our other domestic subsidiaries (collectively, "we" or "our") and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (“Lender”) entered into a Credit Agreement providing for our $20,000 Revolving Credit Facility. The Revolving Credit Facility is secured by our U.S. assets, including accounts receivable and equipment, subject to certain exclusions and exceptions as set forth in the Credit Agreement. The proceeds of the Revolving Credit Facility will primarily be used to fund our working capital needs for operations and for general corporate purposes. As of March 31, 2015 , we had no amounts drawn under the Revolving Credit Facility.
 
Borrowings made under the Revolving Credit Facility bear interest at a rate of daily three month LIBOR plus 3%, payable monthly. The Revolving Credit Facility has a maturity date of November 6, 2017, unless terminated earlier. We may request, and the Lender may grant, an increase to the maximum amount available under the Revolving Credit Facility in minimum increments of $1,000 not to exceed an additional $10,000 in the aggregate, so long as certain conditions described in the Credit Agreement are met.

The Credit Agreement includes a sub-facility for letters of credit in amounts up to the lesser of the available borrowing base or $10,000. Letters of credit are subject to Lender approval and a fee which accrues at the annual rate of 3% of the undrawn daily balance of the outstanding letters of credit, payable monthly. An unused line fee of 0.5% per annum of the daily average of the maximum Revolving Credit Facility amount reduced by outstanding borrowings and letters of credit is payable monthly. As of March 31, 2015 , no letters of credit were outstanding under the sub facility.
 
Under the Revolving Credit Facility, borrowings are subject to borrowing base availability and may not exceed 85% of the amount of eligible accounts receivable, as defined, plus the lesser of $20,000 or 85% of the orderly net liquidation value of existing eligible equipment per appraisal and 85% of hard costs of acquired eligible equipment, less the aggregate amount of any reserves established by the Lender. If borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility exceed $5,000, we are subject to minimum rolling 12 month EBITDA requirements of $20,000 on a consolidated basis and $8,000 on our operations in the State of Alaska. The minimum

21



EBITDA for the consolidated basis calculation is lowered by $17,000 if the month of July 2014 is included within the rolling 12 month period and also excludes the effect of the change in fair value of notes payable to related parties.
 
The Credit Agreement contains covenants including, but not limited to:

commitments to maintain and deliver to Lender, as required, certain financial reports, records and other items,
subject to certain exceptions under the Credit Agreement, restrictions on our ability to incur indebtedness, create or incur liens, enter into fundamental changes to our corporate structure or to the nature of our business , dispose of assets, permit a change in control, acquire non-permitted investments, enter into affiliate transactions or make distributions,
maintain the minimum EBITDA specified above, and
maintain eligible equipment, as defined, located in the State of Alaska with a value of at least 75% of the value of such equipment included in the borrowing base availability. Eligible equipment also includes the value of equipment outside the United States which would be otherwise eligible under the Credit Agreement.
The Credit Agreement also contains representations, warranties, covenants and other terms and conditions, including relating to the payment of fees to the Lender, which are customary for agreements of this type. We are in compliance with the Credit Agreement covenants as of March 31, 2015 .
 
The Credit Agreement also provides for customary events of default. If an event of default occurs and is continuing, then the Lender may, among other options as described in the Credit Agreement, declare our obligations to be due and payable immediately or declare the funding obligations of the Lender terminated immediately, subject to the terms of the Intercreditor Agreement described below.
 
The Credit Agreement is subject to the Intercreditor Agreement (“Intercreditor Agreement”) dated as of November 6, 2014 between the Lender and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee and collateral agent (“Noteholder Agent”) pursuant to the Indenture dated as of July 2, 2014 relating to our Notes. The Intercreditor Agreement sets forth various terms between the Lender and Noteholder Agent, including, but not limited to, (i) the priority of liens between those granted by the Indenture and the Credit Agreement, (ii) enforcement action procedures, (iii) the application of the proceeds of the senior collateral received by either the Noteholder Agent or the Lender, (iv) the process by which any liens may be released, (v) insolvency proceeding procedures, (vi) a prohibition on amending various agreements in a manner inconsistent with or in violation of the Intercreditor Agreement, and (vii) the option of the Noteholder Agent to purchase our debt under the Credit Agreement from the Lender if certain triggering conditions are met. The Intercreditor Agreement also contains customary representations, warranties, covenants and other terms and conditions.
  
Use of EBITDA (Non-GAAP measure) as a Performance Measure

We use an adjusted form of EBITDA to measure period over period performance, which is not derived in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income plus interest expense, less interest income, plus unrealized loss on change in fair value of notes payable to Former SAE stockholders, plus income taxes, plus depreciation and amortization, plus nonrecurring major expenses outside of operations, plus nonrecurring one-time expenses and foreign exchange gain or loss. Our management uses adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental financial measure to assess:
  
the financial performance of our assets without regard to financing methods, capital structures, taxes, historical cost basis or non-recurring expenses;
our liquidity and operating performance over time in relation to other companies that own similar assets and calculate EBITDA in a similar manner; and
the ability of our assets to generate cash sufficient to pay potential interest cost.
We consider adjusted EBITDA as presented below to be the primary measure of period-over-period changes in our operational cash flow performance.
 
The terms EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA are not defined under GAAP, and we acknowledge that these are not a measure of operating income, operating performance or liquidity presented in accordance with GAAP. When assessing our operating performance or liquidity, investors and others should not consider this data in isolation or as a substitute for net income, cash flow from operating activities or other cash flow data calculated in accordance with GAAP. In addition, our calculation of adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to EBITDA or similarly titled measures utilized by other companies since such other companies

22



may not calculate EBITDA in the same manner. Further, the results presented by adjusted EBITDA cannot be achieved without incurring the costs that the measure excludes.
 
The computation of our adjusted EBITDA (a non-GAAP measure) from net income, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, is provided in the table below (in thousands):   
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
   
Net income
$
3,945

 
$
1,484

   
Depreciation and amortization
4,551

(1)
3,853

(1)
Interest expense, net
4,333

 
4,030

 
Provision for income taxes
1,219

 
3,812

 
Change in fair value of notes payable to related parties – Former SAE stockholders

 
507

(2)
Foreign exchange loss, net
2,441

 
294

 
Nonrecurring expense
596

(3)

 
Adjusted EBITDA
$
17,085

 
$
13,980

   

(1) Depreciation and amortization expense was charged to the statements of operations as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
   
Cost of services
$
4,400

 
$
3,526

   
Selling, general and administrative expenses
151

 
327

   
Total depreciation and amortization
$
4,551

 
$
3,853

   

(2)
The notes payable to Former SAE stockholders were recorded at fair value as discussed in Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements. All amounts outstanding under the notes payable to Former SAE stockholders were repaid on July 2, 2014 from proceeds of the issuance of the senior secured notes and the promissory note was cancelled.

(3)
Nonrecurring expenses in 2015 are severance payments incurred in our Peru, Corporate, and Canadian locations resulting from headcount reductions.

Critical Accounting Policies
 
There have been no changes to the critical accounting policies used in our reporting of results of operations and financial position. For a discussion of critical accounting policies see the section entitled “ SAE’s Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued new guidance intended to change the criteria for recognition of revenue. The new guidance establishes a single revenue recognition model for all contracts with customers, eliminates industry specific requirements and expands disclosure requirements. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To achieve this core principal, an entity should apply the following five steps: (1) identify contracts with customers, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contracts, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligation in the contract, and (5) recognize revenue as the entity satisfies performance obligations. The amendments are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early application is not permitted. We are currently evaluating what impact adoption of this guidance would have on our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and disclosures.

In April 2015, the FASB issued new guidance which requires debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the associated debt liability, consistent with the presentation of a debt discount. The new guidance does not affect the recognition and measurement of debt issuance costs. Therefore, the amortization of such costs will

23



continue to be calculated using the interest method and be reported as interest expense. The new guidance is effective for financial statements issued in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and will be applied on a retrospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. Upon adoption of the new guidance, we will report our unamortized deferred loan issuance costs as a reduction of the associated debt liability rather than as assets, resulting in an equal reduction in our total assets and total liabilities compared to the prior presentation. The amount of deferred loan issuance costs, net of amortization, was $ 6,421 and $ 6,826 at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 , respectively. The adoption of the new guidance will have no effect on our stockholders' deficit, results of operations, or cash flows.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
This report contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws, with respect to our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and business, and our expectations or beliefs concerning future events. These forward-looking statements can generally be identified by phrases such as we or our management “expects,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “intends,” “plans to,” “ought,” “could,” “will,” “should,” “likely,” “appears,” “projects,” “forecasts,” “outlook” or other similar words or phrases. There are inherent risks and uncertainties in any forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our expectations are reasonable, we can give no assurance that these expectations will prove to have been correct, and actual results may vary materially. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update, amend or clarify any forward-looking statements to reflect events, new information or otherwise. Some of the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations are discussed below. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us, or persons acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements.
 
Factors that could cause actual results to vary materially from our expectations include the following:
 
fluctuations in the levels of exploration and development activity in the oil and gas industry;
substantial international business exposing us to currency fluctuations and global factors, including economic, political and military uncertainties;
intense industry competition;
need to manage rapid growth;
delays, reductions or cancellations of service contracts;
operational disruptions due to seasonality, weather and other external factors;
crew availability and productivity;
whether we enter into turnkey or term contracts;
limited number of customers;
credit risk related to our customers;
high fixed costs of operations;
the availability of capital resources;
ability to retain key executives; and
need to comply with diverse and complex laws and regulations.
 
You should refer to our other periodic and current reports filed with the SEC and the risk factors from our 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K for specific risks which would cause actual results to be significantly different from those expressed or implied by any of our forward-looking statements. It is not possible to identify all of the risks, uncertainties and other factors that may affect future results. In light of these risks and uncertainties, the forward-looking events and circumstances discussed in this report may not occur and actual results could differ materially from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. Accordingly, readers of this report are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements.

24



Item 4. Controls and Procedures
 
Management’s Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.
 
We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of March 31, 2015 , our disclosure controls and procedures were effective, in all material respects, with regard to the recording, processing, summarizing and reporting, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms for information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act. Our disclosure controls and procedures include controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our President and Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the first quarter of the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors
There have been no material changes in the significant risk factors that may affect our business, financial position, results of operations or liquidity as described in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in our 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Item 6. Exhibits
Exhibits
 
See the Exhibit Index attached hereto and incorporated herein by reference for a list of the exhibits filed herewith.
 


25



SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
SAExploration Holdings, Inc.
 
(Registrant)
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ Brent Whiteley
 
 
Brent Whiteley
 
 
Chief Financial Officer, General
 
 
Counsel and Secretary (Duly
 
 
Authorized Officer and Principal
 
 
Financial Officer)
 
 
 
 
Date: May 11, 2015
 


26



EXHIBIT INDEX
  
Exhibit No.
 
Description
 
Included
 
Form
 
Filing Date
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.1
 
Agreement and Plan of Reorganization dated as of December 10, 2012, by and among the Registrant., Trio Merger Sub, Inc., SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and CLCH, LLC.
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
December 11, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.2
 
First Amendment to Agreement and Plan of Reorganization dated as of May 23, 2013, by and among the Registrant, Trio Merger Sub, Inc., SAExploration Holdings, Inc. and CLCH, LLC.
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
May 28, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.1
 
Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation.
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
June 28, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.2
 
Amended and Restated Bylaws.
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
June 28, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.1
 
Specimen Common Stock Certificate.
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
June 28, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.2
 
Specimen Warrant Certificate.
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
June 28, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.3
 
Form of Warrant Agreement by and between Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company and the Registrant.
 
By Reference
 
S-1/A
 
April 28, 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.4
 
Amendment to Warrant Agreement dated June 24, 2013, by and between Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company and the Registrant.
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
June 28, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.5
 
Indenture, dated July 2, 2014, by and among the Company, the guarantors named therein and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee and noteholder collateral agent.
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
July 9, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.6
 
Form of 10.000% Senior Secured Notes due 2019 (included in Exhibit 4.5)(Existing Notes).
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
July 9, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.7
 
Form of 10.000% Senior Secured Notes due 2019 (included in Exhibit 4.5)(New Notes).
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
July 9, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.8
 
Notation of Guarantee executed July 2, 2014, among the Company, SAExploration Sub, Inc., SAExploration, Inc., SAExploration Seismic Services (US), LLC, and NES, LLC (Existing Notes).
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
July 9, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.9
 
Form of Notation of Guarantee (included in Exhibit 4.5 as Exhibit E)(New Notes).
 
By Reference
 
8-K
 
July 9, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Herewith
 
 
 
 

27



Exhibit No.
 
Description
 
Included
 
Form
 
Filing Date
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Herewith
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
32.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Herewith
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
32.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Herewith
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101
 
The following materials from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2015, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2015 (unaudited) and December 31, 2014, (ii) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, (iii) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, (iv) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit for the three months ended March 31, 2015, (v) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 and (vi) Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
Herewith
 
 
 
 

 



28


Exhibit 31.1
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
I, Brian A. Beatty, certify that:

1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2015 of SAExploration Holdings, Inc.;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: May 11, 2015
 
/s/ Brian A. Beatty
 
 
Brian A. Beatty
 
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
 
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 





Exhibit 31.2
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
I, Brent Whiteley, certify that:

1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2015 of SAExploration Holdings, Inc.;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: May 11, 2015
 
/s/ Brent Whiteley
 
 
Brent Whiteley
 
 
Chief Financial Officer, General Counsel and Secretary
(Principal Financial Officer)
 
 
 
 
 

 




Exhibit 32.1
 
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
In connection with the quarterly report of SAExploration Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2015 , as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Brian A. Beatty, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to the best of my knowledge:

1.
The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
2.
The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date: May 11, 2015
 
/s/ Brian A. Beatty
 
 
Brian A. Beatty
 
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
 
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 

 





Exhibit 32.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
In connection with the quarterly report of SAExploration Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2015 , as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Brent Whiteley, Chief Financial Officer, General Counsel and Secretary of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to the best of my knowledge:
1.
The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
2.
The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date: May 11, 2015
 
/s/ Brent Whiteley
 
 
Brent Whiteley
 
 
Chief Financial Officer, General Counsel and Secretary
(Principal Financial Officer)